Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Development Zone
24 March 2015
Facts & Figures (latest information as at 2012)
|Year of Establishment||1996|
|Land Area||11.5 km2|
|GDP||RMB 486.5 billion (2012)|
|Major Investors||Huawei, ZTE, Kingdee, Lenovo, TCL, IBM, Philips, Skyworth, Compaq, Epson, Lucent, Olympus, Harris Corp|
|Major Industries Encouraged||Electronics, information technology, biology, optical-electrical-mechanical integration, pharmaceuticals|
Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Development Zone (Shenzhen HIDZ) was set up upon the approval from the State Council in 1996, and covers an area of 11.5 sq km. The park has been certified by regulators as a "High-tech Products Export Base", and has been designated the "China APEC High-tech Industrial Park".
Shenzhen HIDZ is located in Nanshan District in the western part of Shenzhen, a city bordered by Hong Kong to the south. Nanshan District is within China's first special economic zone, Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, which was established in 1980 and enjoys special economic policies and flexible government measures.
The park, merely half an hour's drive from the city center, enjoys the convenience of good transportation in Shenzhen. The Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the Beijing-Kowloon Railway intersect in Shenzhen. It takes a mere 30 minutes to drive from Shenzhen HIDZ to Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport, which was the fourth-largest airport in the mainland by cargo traffic in 2013. The park is also within half an hour's drive of Shenzhen Port, which was the second-largest port in China in terms of container throughput in 2013.
When compared to other large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, the population in Shenzhen is smaller, and the number of colleges and universities is lower. However, Shenzhen has attracted a large number of skilled workers through the continuous efforts of local governments.
Electronics, information technology, biology, optical-electrical-mechanical integration, pharmaceuticals and other High-tech industries are the major industries in Shenzhen HIDZ. In 2012, the park realized a gross industrial output of RMB 486.5 billion, while its value added industrial output hit RMB 131.5 billion in 2012, accounted for 26% of Shenzhen's total.
Shenzhen HIDZ serves as headquarters to Huawei, ZTE, Kingdee, Skyworth and other large domestic High-tech firms. ZTE, set up in Shenzhen in 1985, is the largest listed telecom equipment manufacturer in mainland China. In 2012, the operating revenue of ZTE exceeded RMB 84.22 billion. Huawei was established in Shenzhen in 1988; its products cover networks, applications and software, broadband access, site products, and other telecom equipment. The telecom equipment supplier achieved a sales revenue of RMB 220.2 billion in 2012. The two companies are among the major domestic mobile equipment suppliers to China Telecom and China Mobile, the largest fixed-line operator and the largest mobile service provider in China, respectively.
The park has also attracted investment from many large multinational companies, including IBM, Philips, Compaq, Olympus, Lucent and Thomson. Notably, IBM has moved IBM Procurement headquarters to Shenzhen HIDZ.
Shenzhen Software Park (Shenzhen SP) was built in Shenzhen HIDZ in 2001. By the end of 2012, over 750 firms had set up operations in the software park, including Tencent, MCM, Kejian, Oaking, Guanri, Liming, Aspire-tech and many other software developers.
Shenzhen Virtual University Park is situated within Shenzhen HIDZ. The University Park has attracted 48 foreign and domestic universities and supplies a talented workforce for Shenzhen HIDZ.
- The park enjoys the special economic policies of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone.
- The park has strong software enterprises. Shenzhen Software Park has attracted many domestic and foreign software giants.
- Transportation is convenient.
- The park is close to Hong Kong and benefits from the large economy of Hong Kong.
- Operation costs are higher than in central and western regions in China.
- Shenzhen is highly dependent on outside labor and resources.
- The zone faces competition from other development zones in the Pearl River Delta.
The Administration Committee
Address: Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Park Administrative Office, Shenzhen, Guangdong, P.R. China 518057
Tel: 86-755-26551647, 26551707
Source of Facts & Figures: Administrative Committee of Shenzhen High-tech Industrial Development Zone
- Mainland China
- Mainland China