Heze (Shandong ) City Information
13 January 2014
Major Economic Indicators (2012)
|Land Area (km²)||12,239|
|GDP (RMB billion)||178.74|
|Secondary Industry (Industry & Contruction)||54.5%|
|Tertiary Industry (Service)||32.0%|
|GDP Per Capita (RMB)||21,437|
|Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)||68.71|
|Utilized FDI (USD million)||165.05|
|Total Import & Export (USD million)||3,178|
|Export (USD million)||1,530|
|Import (USD million)||1,648|
|Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)||89.42|
Source: Heze Economic and Social Development Report 2012
Heze, a prefecture-level city in the southwestern part of Shandong Province, is at the intersection of Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces. It is adjacent to Jining in Shandong Province to the east, Anhui Province and Jiangsu Province to the southeast, Henan Province to the west. Heze has a temperate continental climate, with cold winters and hot summers. The average temperature is about 12-13°C.
The city is an important railway transportation hub in China. The Beijing-Kowloon Railway and the New Asia-Europe Land Bridge meet in the city. State Highway 105, State Highway 106, State Highway 220 and State Highway 327 run through the city. Jinan Airport, Zhengzhou Airport and Jiaxiang Airport are situated 220 km, 230 km and 75 km from Heze, respectively.
Heze has rich coal, oil and natural gas resources. Heze is a large coal and oil base in north China and has proven reserves of 56.3 million tons of oil and 27.3 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Heze's Juye Coal Field, has 28.1 billion tons of coal reserves. Heze also has abundant wood resources.
Heze is the fourth smallest economy in Shandong Province by GDP for 2012. In 2012, the city's GDP grew 13.0% year on year to RMB 178.74 billion.
The city is a traditional agricultural base in Shandong Province. The value added output from the agricultural sector rose 3.0% year on year to RMB 24.1 billion, contributing 13.5% to the city's economy.
Secondary industry, as the largest contributor to the city's economy, made up 54.5% of the city's GDP in 2012, with value added output of RMB 97.42 billion. Value added industrial output amounted to RMB 85.81 billion, up 17.6% year on year. The value added industrial output from coal mining and supply, raw chemicals and chemical products and textiles rose 6.5%, 36.4% and 24.5% year on year, respectively.
The major players in the city's industrial sector include Shandong Dongming Petrochemicals Group, Shandong Yuhuang Chemicals, Shandong Hongye Chemicals Group, Shandong Caopu Handcrafts and Shandong Yinxiang Weiye Group.
Shandong Dongming Petrochemicals Group, set up in 1987, is the largest independent oil refinery in Shandong province. The company specializes in petrochemicals manufacturing, pesticides and herbicides, refined chemicals and construction materials. It has an annual production capacity of 6 million tons of chemicals and petrochemicals. In June 2010, PetroChina, China's largest oil and gas producer, has agreed to provide crude oil supply to the company. PetroChina plans to invest to construct a 5-mil-mt/yr crude distillate unit and affiliated deep processing units for Shandong Dongming Petrochemical.
The service sector experienced fast growth in 2012. The value added output from the service sector grew 12.3% year on year to RMB 57.21 billion in 2012, constituting 32% of the city's GDP.
The city's foreign trade value soared 15.9% year on year to US$3.18 million in 2012. Exports gained 6.1% year on year to reach US$1.53 billion, while imports grew 26.7% year on year to US$1.65 billion. In 2012, a total of 20 foreign funded projects were approved, with total contractual foreign investments increasing 47.2% year on year to US$280.19 million. The utilized FDI in the city hit US$165.05 million in 2012, increased 105.3% year on year.
Heze was an important political, cultural and economic hub in Central China in ancient times, due to its geographic location and vast fertile land. Heze is a shortening of “Heshan” and “Leize”. Abundant relics of the Rao, the Shun and the Yu tribes from the Neolithic Period were discovered in this area. Since the Shang Dynasty, it had been governed by several states. In 1949, Heze belonged to Pingyuan Province. The city is known as the “home of Chinese Opera” in mainland China. It is the place of origin for Shandong Bang Zi, a traditional folk art prevailing in Shandong Province, Liu Zi Opera, Da Ping Melody, Da Xian Zi Opera, and Zao Bang. It is also called the “home of the dragon”. The earliest articles depicting dragons were found in the old Heze area.
The most popular tourist attraction in Heze is the peony garden. Heze has a long history of planting peonies. The planting area of peonies exceeds 300 hectares. Over 600 kinds of peonies can be found in the peony garden. Heze is also rich in cultural and historical sites, such as Bai Shi Fang (hundred lions archway) and Yongfeng Tower. Bai Shi Fang, also called Zhang Family Monumental Archway, was built in 1778 in memory of Zhang Pu's wife. Over 100 lions were sculptured on the archway. Yongfeng Tower was constructed during the Tang Dynasty. It is also called Large Buddha Temple, as a big copper Buddha statue was found in the tower.
Heze has many delicious local dishes, such as Caoxian Braised Beef, Huan'an Donkey Meat, Shanxian Lamb, Caozhou Sesame Seed Cake, Sazi (a kind of crispy snack made of water and flour) and Shujian Dumpling.
"National Model City for Greenery" (2007)
- National Greenery Commission
"Top City for living in China" (2007)
- Ministry of Construction of P.R. China
"National Civilization City" (2005)
- National Civilization Commission